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What Is Machine Learning?

What Is Machine Learning

Machine Learning (ML) belongs to such a versatile sphere of technology which makes it all the more powerful. We can name many companies on our fingertips like Amazon, Netflix, Facebook who uses ML in daily operational activities and the list seems to be endless. But, as with all other over-rated technologies, there are a lot of misconceptions about ML too in fintech domain. In this article, we will discuss the concepts of ML and its working model with its advantages and disadvantages.

How Does Machine Learning Work?

Arthur Samuel, a pioneer in the field of AI and computer gaming, coined the term “Machine Learning”. He defines machine learning as – a “Field of study that gives computers the capability to learn without being explicitly programmed”. Machine learning (ML) can be explained in layman’s terms as automating and enhancing the learning process of computers based on their experiences without really programming them, i.e. without any human input. Giving out good data is the first step in the process, after which the machines (computers) are trained by creating tech-based models with the use of algorithms. The algorithms we use depend on the data we have available and the type of task we want to automate.


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The Importance of Machine Learning

Machine learning is important because it gives businesses a view of customer behavior and operational business patterns. As of right now, several businesses, including Facebook, Google, and Uber, prioritize using AI in their daily operations. For many corporations, machine learning now significantly differentiates them from their competitors. The ML statistics chart that is shown below can offer us a good indication of its significance and how quickly the market has accelerated.

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What Kinds Of Machine Learning Are There?

  • Supervised learning: In this type of machine learning, algorithms are given data that frequently defines the aspects they think the algorithm should consider when looking for correlations. Here, the algorithm’s input and output are both indicated.
  • Unsupervised learning: Algorithms used in this sort of machine learning are trained on unlabeled data. The computation searches informational indexes for any meaningful connections. The data and calculations are trained such that the outcomes are known in advance.
  • Semi-supervised learning: This approach to machine learning combines elements of the two methods mentioned above. Data scientists frequently consider algorithms and categorise them as trained data, but they also let the model explore the data on its own and develop its understanding, which could help it interpret the data set.
  • Data scientists frequently use reinforcement learning to instruct a computer to carry out a multi-step procedure for which there are set rules. Data scientists set up an algorithm to do a task and provide it with either encouraging or discouraging inputs as it determines how to adhere to it. Yet for the most part, the algorithm decides for itself what actions to take at each phase.

What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Machine Learning?

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When it comes to advantages, machine learning can help corporates to understand their clients at a deeper level. By collecting customer data and correlating it with behaviors over time, ML algorithmic data set can learn associations and help teams tailor product development and marketing initiatives to their clients demand. Google uses machine learning to surface the right advertisements in its searches. But as we know that nothing comes with only merits, same is with machine learning which comes with few disadvantages, like it can be an expensive affair. ML projects are typically driven by data scientists, who are compensated with high salaries. Such projects requires software infrastructure that are quite expensive. There is also the problem of ML bias.

Methods For Picking The Best Machine Learning Model

Step 1: Align the problem with potential data sources that should be taken into account for the solution in step one. Data scientists and other specialists with in-depth knowledge of the issue are needed for assistance with this phase.

Step 2: Gather information, format it, and label it if necessary. With assistance from data wranglers, data scientists often take the lead in this step.

Step 3: Choose the algorithm(s) to utilise and evaluate their performance. Data scientists typically handle this stage.

Step 4: Continue to adjust outputs until they are accurate enough to be used. Typically, this phase is completed by

What Is Machine Learning’s Future?

Although machine learning (ML) algorithms and their data sets have been around for almost a decade, AI’s rise to prominence has given them newfound popularity. The most cutting-edge AI applications of today are also powered by deep learning models. Most major vendors, including Amazon, Google, Microsoft, IBM, and others, are vying for customers’ subscriptions to platform services that cover the full spectrum of ML activities, including data collection, data preparation, data classification, model building, training, and data application deployment. Machine learning platforms are one of the most competitive areas of corporate technology.

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[To share your insights with us, please write to sghosh@martechseries.com]


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